Ruben Chambers, Torso, 1945
RUBEN CHAMBERS USA
Signed: Torso 1945, Ruben Chambers (in pencil on back) Ruben Chambers, 1945 (on back)
Size: H: 14” x W: 11”
Framed size: H: 17 13/16” x W: 14 13/16”
Ruben Chambers, Torso, 1945
XANTI SCHAWINSKY (1904-1979) Switzerland/USA
Optical Structure 1943
Silver gelatin print
Signed: Xanti Schawinsky 1943 (script signature and date in ink on back of photo)
Photograph: H: 7 7/8” x W: 8”
Frame: H: 16 9/16” x W: 16 9/16”
Xanti Schawinsky is usually known either for the activities of his early career, as a young ‘enfant terrible’ of Bauhaus theatre, or for the work he produced at its close as a respected and mature abstract artist. However these two perspectives ignore his tremendous versatility, and the important role he had to play in bringing Modernist ideas to different parts of the inter-war world. Schawinsky was born in Switzerland, the son of a Polish Jew. His creative nature was obvious from an early age, and in his teens he studied art and music in Zurich, before travelling to Berlin and Cologne to learn about design and architecture. In 1924 he enrolled at the Bauhaus, and became involved in the school’s vibrant theatrical scene, also focusing on photography and painting. From the mid 1920s Schawinsky undertook wide range of professional commissions, working as a stage designer, a municipal studio director and a freelance designer. He also returned to the Bauhaus to teach. In 1933 Germany’s growing intolerance forced him to move to Milan, where he spent several years producing commercial graphic design, principally for the typewriter company Olivetti. An invitation to join the progressive Black Mountain College brought him to the USA in 1936. He spent two years at Black Mountain introducing Bauhaus ideas to his American students, before moving to New York to take up freelance design and pursue painting – an activity which absorbed almost all of his attention in his final years. As innovative in commercial art as he was in his unpaid pieces, Schawinsky’s work demonstrated the huge creative power of the inter-war meeting of art and industry.
JAROSLAV RÖSSLER (1902-1990) Czech Republic
Untitled c. 1930’s
Gelatin silver print
Signed: -1G- (in green ink on back); JAR. RÖSSLER, PRAHA XI, Ti mars.
Koneva 174 (blue stamp on back); CZ 12 and other annotations in pencil on back
Provenance: Monah L Gettner, New York
H: 8 1/8” x W: 6 1/8” (unframed)
H: 18 5/8” x W: 16 1/8” (framed)
Jaroslav Rössler was undoubtedly one of the most important representatives of Czech avant-garde photography during the 1920s and 1930s. His works rank among the most progressive examples of the use of abstract art and Constructivism in photography. Rössler‘s work has been included in numerous international exhibitions and can be found in major museum collections including the J. Paul Getty Museum, Museum Folkwang and Houston Museum of Fine Arts.